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For further insights into the current journalism culture and connections between media and democracy, have a look at some of the books and articles below.


Below are some academic articles we have encountered that intersect with constructive journalism and the connections between news media and democracy.

Additionally, Kyser Lough’s has compiled a great public bibliography of research on constructive journalism and solutions focused journalism.

Academic articles

A selection of academic research on constructive journalism
  • Abdenour, J., McIntyre, K. & Dahmen, N. S. (2017). Putting Broadcast News in Context: An Analysis of US Television Journalists’ Role Conceptions and Contextual Values. Electronic News.
  • Aitamurto, T. & Varma, A. (2018). The Constructive Role of Journalism. Journalism Practice 12(6), 695-713.
  • Baden, D., McIntyre, K. & Homberg, F. (2018). The Impact of Constructive News on Affective and Behavioural Responses. Journalism Studies, 1-20.
  • Beckman, Petter (2020). Konstruktiv journalistik -lägesrapport om en omstridd rörelse tio år efter forsat stegen. Lindholmen Science Park
  • Berends, A. (2018, March 13). ‘Allard Berends roept op tot discussie: ‘Constructieve journalistiek bestaat niet’. Villa Media: Website over Journalistiek. Retrieved from https://www.scribbr.nl/apa-stijl/apa-voorbeelden/blendle-krantenartikel-internet/
  • Boczkowski, P. J. & Mitchelstein, E. (2016). The gap between the media and the public. Rethinking Journalism Again: Societal Role and Public Relevance in a Digital Age, in: Peters, C., & Broersma, M. J. (Eds.), Rethinking journalism again: societal role and public relevance in a digital age (p.p. 175-183). New York: Taylor & Francis Group.
  • Boyer, D. (2013) The Life Informatic Newsmaking in the Digital Era. Ithaca, USA: Cornell University Press.
  • Bro, P. (2018). Constructive Journalism: Proponents, Precedents and Principles. Journalism, 1-16.
  • Constructieve Journalistiek. (n.d.) Windesheim. Retrieved from February 11, 2019, from https://constructievejournalistiek.nl/windesheim/
  • Curry, A. L. & Hammonds, K. H. (2014). The Power of Solutions Journalism. Solutions Journalism Network, 1,-14. Retrieved from https://engagingnewsproject.org/wp- content/uploads/2014/06/ENP_SJN-report.pdf
  • De Correspondent. (n.d.). Het Manifest. Retrieved from https://decorrespondent.nl/manifest
  • De Jong, J.C. & Koetsenruijter, A.W.M. (2019). Regionale en lokale journalistiek in Zuid- Holland. Retrieved from https://www.zuid-holland.nl/publish/pages/22770/regionaleen lokalejournalistiekinzuid-holland-onderzoeksrapport.pdf
  • Dingemanse, K. (2018, October 9). Soorten interviews. Retrieved February 3, 2019, from https://www.scribbr.nl/onderzoeksmethoden/soorten-interviews/
  • Donsbach, W. (2004). Psychology of News Decisions: Factors behind Journalists’ Professional Behavior. Journalism, 5(2), 131–157.
  • Feijnenbuik, M. (2018). Omroep West kijkt Vooruit: Hoe Omroep West-redacteuren Constructieve Journalistiek ervaren (master thesis). Retrieved from https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/65091
  • From, U. & Kristensen, N.N. (2018). Rethinking Constructive Journalism by Means of Service Journalism. Journalism Practice, 12(6), 714-729.
  • Galtung, J., & Ruge, M. H. (1965). The structure of foreign news: The presentation of the Congo, Cuba and Cyprus crises in four Norwegian newspapers. Journal of peace research, 2(1), 64-90.
  • Gyldensted, C. (2011). Innovating news journalism through positive psychology (Master’s of Positive Psychology thesis). Retrieved from http://repository.upenn.edu/mapp_capstone/20/
  • Gyldensted, C. (2015). From Mirrors to Movers. Five Elements of Positive Psychology in Constructive Journalism. (z.p.): GGroup Publishing.
  • Harcup, T. (Ed.) (2014). Civic Journalism. In A Dictionary of Journalism. Oxford University Press. Retrieved May 4, 2019, from http://www.oxfordreference.com.ezproxy.leidenuniv.nl:2048/view/10.1093/acref/97801996 46241.001.0001/acref-9780199646241-e-241.
  • Hautakangas, M. & Ahva, L. (2018). Introducing a New Form of Socially Responsible Journalism. Journalism Practice, 12(6), 730-764. Hearken. (n.d.). Frequently Asked Questions: What is Hearken? Retrieved from https://www.wearehearken.com/hearken-overview-about/
  • Hermans, L. & Drok, N. (2018). Placing Constructive Journalism in Context. Journalism Practice, 12(6), 679-694
  • Hoffmanns, L. (2019). “Een eerlijke blik op de wereld”. Ervaringen met constructieve journalistiek in de praktijk (masterthesis). Retrieved from https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/70057
  • Ipsos. (2018). Perils of Perception [Dataset]. Retrieved from https://perils.ipsos.com/slides/index.html
  • Kleemans, M., de Leeuw, R. N. H., Gerritsen, J., & Buijzen, M. (2017). Children’s Responses to Negative News: The Effects of Constructive Reporting in Newspaper Stories for Children. Journal of Communication, 67(5), 781-802.
  • Kleemans, M., Schlindwein, L. F., & Dohmen, R. (2017). Preadolescents’ Emotional and Prosocial Responses to Negative TV News: Investigating the Beneficial Effects of Constructive Reporting and Peer Discussion. Journal of youth and adolescence, 46(9), 1-13.
  • Krul, R. (2017, 23 januari). ‘Vergaderen op Facebook met Omroep West’. Villamedia. Retrieved from https://www.villamedia.nl/artikel/vergaderen-op-facebook.
  • Mast, J., Coesemans, R. & Temmerman, M. (2018). Constructive Journalism: Concepts, Practices and Discourses. Journalism, 1-12.
  • McIntyre, K. E. (2015). Constructive journalism: The effects of positive emotions and solution information in news stories (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1684781835?pq-origsite=gscholar
  • McIntyre, K. E. (2017). Putting Broadcast News in Context, an analysis of US television journalists’ role conceptions and contextual values. Electronic News.
  • McIntyre, K. E., Dahmen, N. S. & Abdenour, J. (2016). The contextualist function: US newspaper journalists value social responsibility. Journalism, 1-19.
  • Meier, K. (2018). How Does the Audience Respond to Constructive Journalism? Journalism Practice, 12(6), 764-780.
  • Mellado, C. (2015) Professional roles in news content: Six dimensions of journalistic roleperformance. Journalism Studies, 16(4), 596–614. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1461670X.2014.922276
  • Muntz, T. & Trommelen, J. (2018, September 9). ‘Journalist, los niet op maar zoek uit’. NRC. Retrieved from https://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2018/11/09/journalist-los-niet-op-maar-zoek-uit-a2754650
  • Omroep West. (2018). Publieksverslag 2017: Verslag van de Redactie. Retrieved from http://jaarverslag.omroepwest.nl/verslag-van-de-redactie-2017-samenwerken- luisteren-verbinden-en-betrokken-zijn/
  • Omroep West. (n.d.). De Geschiedenis van Omroep West. Retrieved from https://www.omroepwest.nl/overomroepwest/geschiedenis Omroep West. (n.d.). Dé Omroep voor Zuid-Holland Noord. Retrieved February 3, 2019, from https://www.omroepwest.nl/overomroepwest
  • Oremus, F. (2017, Augustus 17) ‘Kunnen we nog trots zijn op ons vak?’. Villamedia. Retrieved from https://www.villamedia.nl/artikel/kunnen-we-nog-trots-zijn-op-ons-vak.
  • Packer, M. (2010). The Science of Qualitative Research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Reich, Z., & Barnoy, A. (2016). Reconstructing Production Practices through Interviewing. In T. Witschge, Anderson, D. Domingo & A. Hermida (Red.), The Sage Handbook of Digital Journalism (pp. 477-493). Londen, Verenigd Koninkrijk: SAGE Publications inc.
  • Roulston, K. (2010). Considering quality in qualitative interviewing. Qualitative Research, 10(2), 199- 228.
  • Rubin, H.J., & Rubin, I.S. (2012). Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • Shindler, T, (2017) Constructive Journalism in Daily Media Coverage, https://studylibde.com/doc/14132042/masterarbeit—perspective-daily
  • Schultz, I. (2007). The journalistic gut feeling: Journalistic doxa, news habitus and orthodox news values. Journalism practice, 1(2), 190-207. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/17512780701275507
  • Smouter, K. (2018, February 19). Constructieve Journalistiek, dat is iets met oplossingen toch? Of niet? Retrieved February 8, 2019, from https://constructievejournalistiek.nl/toolkit/constructieve-journalistiek-dat-is-iets-met- oplossingen-toch-of-niet/
  • Soft news. (2019). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May, 5, 2019, from academic-eb- com.ezproxy.leidenuniv.nl:2443/levels/collegiate/article/soft-news/606123
  • Thomas, R. J. (2017). Helpfulness as Journalism’s Normative Anchor. Journalism Studies, 1-17. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2017.1377103
  • Van Gameren, E. (2016, October 10). Hoe bedrijf je Cojo? Retrieved February 8, 2019, from https://constructievejournalistiek.nl/toolkit/toolkit/
  • Van der Ploeg, M. (2018). U vraagt, wij maken: Het gebruik van de Hearken-module voor vraaggestuurde journalistiek door Omroep West (master thesis). Retrieved from https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/68241
  • Weldingh, Line (2018) News criteria in constructive journalism, 2 januar 2018. Master’s thesis in Danish